Mobile County

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About Mobile County, Alabama

Mobile County is a southern county in the U.S. state of Alabama, located along the Gulf Coast. Named after the historic Native American Mobilian tribe, the county is steeped in history and is rich in cultural diversity. This article provides an in-depth look at Mobile County, covering its history, geography, demographics, economy, education, and attractions. It also provides contact information for various services and offices in the county.


Mobile County was established on December 18, 1812. Its history is tightly intertwined with the city of Mobile, which served as the first capital of the French colony of Louisiana in the early 18th century. Over the centuries, it was governed by France, Britain, and Spain before becoming part of the United States in 1813.

The city of Mobile, which is the county seat, has been a bustling port since its foundation, playing a crucial role in the county’s history and development. Mobile County is home to several notable historical landmarks and districts, reflecting its diverse cultural influences and its key role in American history, including the American Civil War and the Civil Rights Movement.


Mobile County spans approximately 1,644 square miles, of which about 1,229 square miles is land and 415 square miles is water. Its geography is characterized by a mix of plains, rivers, and coastal terrain. The county is bordered by the state of Mississippi to the west, Washington County to the north, Baldwin County and Mobile Bay to the east, and the Gulf of Mexico to the south.

The Tensaw River, Mobile River, and Mobile Bay are the major water bodies, while the county’s terrain also includes wetlands and wildlife reserves. It falls within the Eastern Gulf Coastal Plain section of the Atlantic Plain region.


As of the last U.S. Census, Mobile County had a population of over 400,000, making it the second-most populous county in Alabama. The county has a diverse population with a rich blend of cultures and ethnicities.

The county's demographics include a mix of different age groups, with a median age of around 37 years. English is the most spoken language in the county, followed by Spanish. The county also has a wide range of religious affiliations, with the majority identifying as Protestant, followed by Catholic and other religious groups.


Mobile County has a robust and diverse economy, with key sectors including manufacturing, healthcare, education, and retail trade. The county is home to several major employers, including the University of South Alabama, Mobile County Public School System, Infirmary Health Systems, and Austal USA.

The Port of Mobile plays a pivotal role in the county's economy. It is the 10th largest port in the United States by tonnage, handling over 60 million tons of cargo annually, and significantly contributes to the region's economy.


Mobile County houses numerous schools, both public and private, offering education from pre-kindergarten through 12th grade. The Mobile County Public School System is the largest school system in Alabama, serving over 50,000 students in more than 80 schools.

Higher education institutions in Mobile County include the University of South Alabama, Spring Hill College, and Bishop State Community College, offering a wide range of undergraduate and postgraduate courses.


Mobile County is renowned for its rich cultural heritage, reflected in its numerous museums, historic districts, and cultural festivals. The Mobile Museum of Art, USS Alabama Battleship Memorial Park, and the GulfQuest National Maritime Museum of the Gulf of Mexico are among the top attractions.

Every year, the county hosts America's oldest Mardi Gras celebration, which predates the one in New Orleans. This colorful event draws visitors from all over the country and is an important part of the county's cultural identity.

For nature enthusiasts, Mobile County offers a plethora of parks, wildlife reserves, and nature trails. The Bellingrath Gardens and Home, Five Rivers Delta Resource Center, and the Mobile-Tensaw River Delta are popular destinations for outdoor activities.

Contact Information

For more information about Mobile County or to avail services, you may contact the following offices:

Mobile County Commission Office: Address: Government Plaza, 205 Government Street, Mobile, AL 36644 Phone: (251) 574-5000 Website:

Mobile County Public School System: Address: 1 Magnum Pass, Mobile, AL 36618 Phone: (251) 221-4000 Website:

Mobile County Health Department: Address: 251 N Bayou St, Mobile, AL 36603 Phone: (251) 690-8158 Website:

Mobile County Sheriff's Office: Address: 510 S. Royal St, Mobile, AL 36603 Phone: (251) 574-2423 Website:

For tourism-related queries, you can reach out to the Mobile Convention & Visitors Bureau.

Mobile Convention & Visitors Bureau: Address: 1 S. Water Street, Mobile, AL 36602 Phone: (251) 208-2000 Website:

Please note that due to COVID-19, office hours may be subject to change, and it is advisable to visit their respective websites or call ahead to confirm the information provided.


Mobile County is served by a network of highways, including Interstates 10 and 65, as well as U.S. Routes 43, 45, 90, and 98. The Mobile Regional Airport provides air services, while the Port of Mobile caters to maritime transportation needs. For public transit, the Wave Transit System operates various bus routes throughout the county.

Government and Political Structure

Mobile County is governed by a three-member County Commission, elected from single-member districts. The commissioners serve four-year terms and are responsible for legislative functions such as setting policy, adopting the budget, levying taxes, and appointing department heads.

Public Safety

Public safety in Mobile County is managed by the Mobile County Sheriff's Office and various municipal police departments. For emergencies, residents and visitors should dial 911.

About Mobile County Sheriff's Office

The Mobile County Sheriff's Office (MCSO) is a state-certified agency responsible for law enforcement within the unincorporated areas of Mobile County, and also assists other municipal police departments in the county when needed. The agency is committed to serving and protecting the citizens of Mobile County through professional, ethical, and transparent law enforcement practices.


As of the latest update, the Sheriff of Mobile County is an elected official serving a four-year term. The current sheriff is responsible for the day-to-day operation of the office and represents the office at the Mobile County Commission.

The Sheriff's Office employs a staff of deputies, administrators, and support personnel who work together to ensure the safety and well-being of Mobile County's residents.

Divisions and Services

The Mobile County Sheriff's Office comprises several divisions, each handling different aspects of law enforcement and public safety. These divisions include Patrol, Criminal Investigations, Narcotics, Civil, Corrections, Court Security, and Administrative Services.

Patrol Division: This division includes uniformed deputies who provide law enforcement services to the unincorporated areas of Mobile County, responding to emergency and non-emergency calls for service.

Criminal Investigations Division: This division investigates reported crimes, collects evidence, and works closely with the District Attorney's office in the prosecution of offenders.

Narcotics Division: The narcotics division focuses on drug-related crimes and is part of the Mobile County Street Enforcement Narcotics Team, a multi-jurisdictional task force combating drug trafficking.

Civil Division: The civil division handles civil papers issued by the courts, including summons, subpoenas, eviction notices, and restraining orders.

Corrections Division: This division is responsible for the operation of the Mobile County Metro Jail, ensuring the secure and humane treatment of detainees.

Court Security Division: This division provides security for the Mobile County courts, ensuring the safety of judges, employees, and the public.

Administrative Services Division: This division handles personnel, training, budgeting, and other administrative functions of the Sheriff's Office.

Mobile County Metro Jail

The Mobile County Metro Jail, overseen by the Corrections Division of MCSO, is a significant part of the county's criminal justice system. The jail is designed to house over 1,000 inmates, including pre-trial detainees and individuals serving sentences for misdemeanors and felonies.

The facility offers various programs aimed at rehabilitating inmates, including educational courses, vocational training, substance abuse programs, and religious services.

The jail adheres to stringent standards for inmate care, ensuring that detainees receive necessary medical, dental, and mental health services. A professional team of doctors, nurses, and mental health professionals is on-site to provide these services.

Contact Information

For general inquiries or to access the services provided by the Mobile County Sheriff's Office, please use the contact details below:

Mobile County Sheriff's Office: Address: 510 S. Royal St, Mobile, AL 36603 Phone: (251) 574-2423 Website:

For non-emergency situations requiring a deputy's assistance, citizens should contact the non-emergency dispatch line at (251) 574-8633.

Mobile County Metro Jail: Address: 450 St Emanuel St, Mobile, AL 36603 Phone: (251) 574-3340

In the event of an emergency, always dial 911.

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item Mobile Government Plaza
item Telephone Numbers
item General Information

item County Commission
item License Commissioner
item Revenue Commissioner
item Probate Court
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item Budget
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Mobile County Commission
205 Government St., Mobile, AL 36644
Telephone: (251) 574-5077

item Job Openings
Personnel Board
Mobile Works

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item Education
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item Public Health
Mobile County Health Department

item Public Works
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item Public Safety
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District Attorney

item Business Resources
Chamber of Commerce

item Parks & Recreation
Chickasabogue Park
West Mobile County Park
Dead Lake Marina
Agri-Ed Pavilion
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item Utilities
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item Transportation
Mobile Regional Airport
Greyhound Bus Lines
The Wave Transit System

item Real Estate
Mobile Area Association of Realtors

item Travel & Tourism
Mobile Convention & Visitors Center
Mobile Carnival Museum

item Services to the Elderly
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item Emergency Information
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Red Cross

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